Fatores de risco e prevenção do suicídio na Atenção Primária à Saúde em tempos de pandemia por COVID-19

revisão integrativa da literatura

Autores

  • Eder Paulo Reis Ornelas Silva Universidade Federal da Bahia – Salvador (BA), Brasil. https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2158-3482
  • Hebert Luan Pereira Campos dos Santos Universidade Federal da Bahia – Salvador (BA), Brasil.
  • Fernanda Beatriz Melo Maciel Universidade Federal da Bahia – Salvador (BA), Brasil. https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6421-3940
  • Edi Cristina Manfroi Universidade Federal da Bahia (UFBA), Salvado, BA, Brasil.
  • Nília Maria de Brito Lima Prado Universidade Federal da Bahia (UFBA), Salvado, BA, Brasil. https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8243-5662

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.5712/rbmfc17(44)3164

Palavras-chave:

Suicídio, Atenção primaria à saúde, COVID-19, Prevenção primária, Serviços de saúde mental.

Resumo

Introdução: O suicídio constitui-se em uma das principais causas de morte evitáveis. A pandemia da COVID-19 pode contribuir para reforçar os fatores de risco e a ideação suicida em razão da diminuição da capacidade de enfrentamento emocional ante a crise sanitária mundial. Ao mesmo tempo, os serviços de Atenção Primária à Saúde (APS) foram demandados a construir uma resposta rápida a questões relacionadas à saúde mental. Objetivo: Refletir sobre os fatores de risco e as possíveis intervenções para a prevenção do suicídio na atenção primária no contexto da pandemia da COVID-19. Métodos: Trata-se de uma revisão integrativa pautada na construção de uma análise crítica da literatura internacional sobre os fatores de risco e a prevenção do suicídio na APS durante a pandemia do novo coronavírus. Esta revisão foi construída por meio do levantamento de evidências na literatura internacional, feito pelo acesso às bases de dados científicas Web of Science, Science Direct e Scopus usando os descritores suicide AND prevention AND COVID-19 AND Primary Health Care. Foram incluídos artigos científicos disponibilizados entre dezembro de 2019 e setembro de 2020 e publicados em português, inglês e espanhol. Resultados: O corpus de análise foi composto de 15 artigos, com predominância da descrição de fatores de risco, da implementação e das adaptações de estratégias de intervenções específicas mediadas por recursos de tecnologia da informação e comunicação para oferecer cuidados de saúde mental. Conclusões: Os cuidados colaborativos pautados pelos atributos essenciais da APS destacaram-se como estratégias prioritárias para ofertar cuidados contínuos e longitudinais no contexto da pandemia.

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Biografia do Autor

Eder Paulo Reis Ornelas Silva , Universidade Federal da Bahia – Salvador (BA), Brasil.

Discente do Programa de Pós-graduação em Saúde Coletiva, Universidade Federal da Bahia – Instituto Multidisciplinar
em Saúde - Campus Anísio Teixeira. Rua Hormindo Barros, 58, quadra 17, lote 58, Candeias, Vitória da Conquista,
Bahia, Brasil

Edi Cristina Manfroi, Universidade Federal da Bahia (UFBA), Salvado, BA, Brasil.

Docente do Programa de Pós-graduação em Psicologia da Saúde- Universidade Federal da Bahia – Instituto
Multidisciplinar em Saúde - Campus Anísio Teixeira. Contato: edicristinam@gmail.com ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-

Nília Maria de Brito Lima Prado, Universidade Federal da Bahia (UFBA), Salvado, BA, Brasil.

Docente do Programa de Pós-graduação em Saúde Coletiva e Programa de Pós-graduação em Psicologia da Saúde-
Universidade Federal da Bahia – Instituto Multidisciplinar em Saúde - Campus Anísio Teixeira. Contato:
nilia.prado@ufba.br, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8243-5662

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Publicado

2022-04-30

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1.
Silva EPRO, Santos HLPC dos, Maciel FBM, Manfroi EC, Prado NM de BL. Fatores de risco e prevenção do suicídio na Atenção Primária à Saúde em tempos de pandemia por COVID-19: revisão integrativa da literatura. Rev Bras Med Fam Comunidade [Internet]. 30º de abril de 2022 [citado 25º de setembro de 2022];17(44):3164. Disponível em: https://www.rbmfc.org.br/rbmfc/article/view/3164

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